Odisha News Voice

Effects of Corporate Actions on Equity Investing


An event started by a corporation that has an impact on the value of the shares it has issued is known as a corporate action. In addition to interim dividends and special dividends, corporations sometimes announce other measures such as rights issues, bonus issues, dividing face value of shares, share buybacks, demergers of shares, reverse mergers, and acts supported by specific policy frameworks, among others. These might often turn out to be the cherry on top of an equity investment! This means that with little or no investment, there might be enormous rewards. Therefore, it is important to pay close attention to such corporate developing initiatives, particularly on the record date for any such activity. As a result, it is advisable to pay close attention to the occurrence and take appropriate action before the record date. Let's comprehend such company behaviour and the advantages of investing in order to build money over the long run!

Stock Issued Correctly

As the name suggests, a right issue of a share indicates that an investor is entitled to request for more shares of stock that they are currently holding. A corporation publishes the ratio of shares that may be applied for for this purpose depending on the offer price and the shareholder's holdings. Typically, there are two advantages to filing for a right problem. One, a share's offer price often represents a significant reduction from the share's current market price. Second, there are situations when payment must be done over time in a few simple installments. Consequently, one need to positively consider implementing a Right Issue.

Bonus Problem

By distributing reserve money, a corporation will, in fact, reward a shareholder for their commitment to the business by issuing bonus shares to them. A corporation might award bonus shares to current investors by distributing extra shares from profits or existing reserves. The number of outstanding shares of a firm rises as a result of a bonus issue, but not its market capitalization, since the stock price rises or falls in proportion to the extra shares issued. However, because an investor receives bonus shares free of charge and after receiving a bonus, there is a probability that the price will rise, increasing one's wealth. Before the record date for the issuing of shares, one should strengthen their holding to maximise their opportunity to profit from such an offer.

Plans for demergers and mergers

A share is demerged when a publicly traded firm separates into two or more independent businesses, and the current shareholder receives shares in the new businesses. When a firm gets listed, the total value of its demerged businesses often surpasses the value of the original business. Similar to this, a corporation may sometimes remerge certain demerged companies into one.

company. Reverse merger is the name of the procedure. For investors, such a development can result in value creation. Therefore, it is important to observe and take into account such acts for potential wealth development.

Splitting a Share's Face Value

The initial face value of each share is Rs. 10. However, sometimes Corporates divide the face value of a specific stock to a lesser denomination, down from its initial value of 10 to 5, 2, or 1, in order to boost liquidity and to make it readily accessible and inexpensive for investors, particularly small investors. Post-splitting, the total value of a stock often increases significantly either right away or over time. Therefore, such a development should be carefully evaluated.

Share Repurchases by a Company

A stock buyback is a phenomena in which a corporation buys back its shares to raise its ownership stake and efficiently use its reserve cash for the expansion and improvement of the business. The repurchase price indicated by the corporation is almost always much higher than the going market rate. A business has two alternatives available to it for this purpose. These choices include the tender process or a direct repurchase from the stock market. An investor provides an appropriate number of shares from its holding via the exchange for the latter purpose, which is their preferred method, at a price that has been communicated by the corporation. The amount of shares the firm chooses to purchase may be all of the shares offered or only a portion of them. Therefore, the tender approach always pays off for an investment.

Policy Measures

Any significant government-sponsored or corporate-level policy action, such as product price, increased demand for a new product line, such as the policy of blending ethanol and petrol as vehicle fuel; import-export policy of commodities; performance-linked incentive scheme, etc., can occasionally have a significant impact on the market value of a stock. The market worth and reputation of a corporation may be impacted by even top-level management changes!

Bulk Acquisitions/Deals

Market price of equity is significantly impacted by large-scale stock purchases and sales. Investors should thus closely monitor and attempt to comprehend such events in order to make wise, beneficial choices that are in their best interests.


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